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Female Urology

Cost Difference :
Much less as compared to the other European Countries

Female Urology is a narrow field of study which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract disorders that are found in females. Some of the common female urological disorders are urinary incontinence, voiding dysfunction, recurrent urinary tract infection, pelvic floor prolapse, urethral syndrome and interstitial cystitis. Sexual dysfunction is a new area of research in female urology.

Urinary Incontinence : Urinary Incontinence is an uncontrolled leakage of urine. It can be classified into different types such as stress (loss of urine with straining, coughing, sneezing or running), urge (sudden and urgent feeling of urination occurs with no apparent reason), mixed(combination of stress and urge), overflow(it occurs when the patient's bladder is always full so that it frequently leaks urine), functional or reflex incontinence(it means when the patient feels to urinate but due lack of mobility cannot move to the bathroom). One in three of the women over the age group of 60 years is a patient of Urinary incontinence and has a history of obesity or diabetics. Treatment of this kind of disorders depend on the type of the incontinence and includes dietary changes, scheduled voiding, bladder retraining, pelvic muscle exercises, biofeedback, electrical stimulation therapy, medication, collagen implants and minimally invasive surgery.

Voiding Dysfunction : Voiding dysfunction means the inability to empty the bladder, normally overactive bladder and has often mixed symptoms such as urinary frequency, urgency, painful urination and/or incomplete bladder emptying. Women having the problem of pelvic floor dysfunction has the complain of voiding dysfunction. Treatment mostly concerned with decreasing or eliminating the symptoms. Treatment of this disorder may involve medications or pelvic floor relaxation exercises.

Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection : A recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) may be generally refer to relapsing episodes of cystitis. Cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the bladder, which occurs due to the infection, caused by the bacteria which may enter to the urethra. And since the urethra in women are shorter than men, so women are more likely to be the patient of this disorder. Treatment requires identifying the cause and/or proper antibiotic therapy to break the cycle of recurrent infection.. Some essential tests to detect the Recurrent Urinary tract Infection are :
  • Repeated urine culture.
  • X-ray study of the urinary system (ultrasound / IVP / CT scan)
  • Measurement of residual urine in the bladder after voiding Cystoscopy

Urethral Syndrome : Urethral syndrome is mainly found in women. In this the patient suffers from the irritative bladder syndrome(frequency, urgency of urination and burning sensation while urination) in addition to the low buck pain, suprapubic pain, and hesitant or slower urinary stream, without any certain reasons. In this condition patient has to undergo a severe pain in the urethra. Treatment may consist of oral medication or local estrogen replacement therapy. Women of age group 30 to 50 having a lower urinary tract symptom are more subject to this disorder. Due to the problem in detecting the main reason behind he disease most physician prescribes anti-biotic medicines and cystoscopy. They even burn the affected area using a special scope.

Interstitial Cystitis : Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a urologic syndrome which occurs mainly in women. It refers to an uncomfortable and irritating inflammatory condition of the bladder. It's symptoms are excessive urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia (nighttime urination) and suprapubic pain. There is no certain reason for this. It can occur at any age, but the age group above 40 is more prone to this disease. It is believed to be related to irregularities in the bladder lining and/or an allergic/immune response. Cystoscope is mainly done to diagnosed it. Hydrodistention of the bladder under anesthesia is another common therapeutic and diagnostic procedure use to treat it. Surgery which includes denervation, urinary diversion and augmentation cytoplasty can be useful to treat the severe cases.