Cost Difference :
|Much less as compared to the other European Countries
Female Urology is a narrow field of study which deals with the
diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract disorders that are found in
females. Some of the common female urological disorders are urinary
incontinence, voiding dysfunction, recurrent urinary tract infection, pelvic
floor prolapse, urethral syndrome and interstitial cystitis. Sexual
dysfunction is a new area of research in female urology.
Urinary Incontinence :
Urinary Incontinence is an uncontrolled
leakage of urine. It can be classified into different types such as stress
(loss of urine with straining, coughing, sneezing or running), urge (sudden
and urgent feeling of urination occurs with no apparent reason),
mixed(combination of stress and urge), overflow(it occurs when the patient's
bladder is always full so that it frequently leaks urine), functional or
reflex incontinence(it means when the patient feels to urinate but due lack
of mobility cannot move to the bathroom). One in three of the women over the
age group of 60 years is a patient of Urinary incontinence and has a history
of obesity or diabetics. Treatment of this kind of disorders depend on the
type of the incontinence and includes dietary changes, scheduled voiding,
bladder retraining, pelvic muscle exercises, biofeedback, electrical
stimulation therapy, medication, collagen implants and minimally invasive
Voiding Dysfunction :
Voiding dysfunction means the inability to
empty the bladder, normally overactive bladder and has often mixed symptoms
such as urinary frequency, urgency, painful urination and/or incomplete
bladder emptying. Women having the problem of pelvic floor dysfunction has
the complain of voiding dysfunction. Treatment mostly concerned with
decreasing or eliminating the symptoms. Treatment of this disorder may
involve medications or pelvic floor relaxation exercises.
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection :
A recurrent urinary tract
infection (UTI) may be generally refer to relapsing episodes of cystitis.
Cystitis is an inflammatory disorder of the bladder, which occurs due to the
infection, caused by the bacteria which may enter to the urethra. And since
the urethra in women are shorter than men, so women are more likely to be
the patient of this disorder. Treatment requires identifying the cause
and/or proper antibiotic therapy to break the cycle of recurrent infection..
Some essential tests to detect the Recurrent Urinary tract Infection are :
Urethral Syndrome :
- Repeated urine culture.
- X-ray study of the urinary system (ultrasound / IVP / CT scan)
- Measurement of residual urine in the bladder after voiding
Urethral syndrome is mainly found in women.
In this the patient suffers from the irritative bladder syndrome(frequency,
urgency of urination and burning sensation while urination) in addition to
the low buck pain, suprapubic pain, and hesitant or slower urinary stream,
without any certain reasons. In this condition patient has to undergo a
severe pain in the urethra. Treatment may consist of oral medication or
local estrogen replacement therapy. Women of age group 30 to 50 having a
lower urinary tract symptom are more subject to this disorder. Due to the
problem in detecting the main reason behind he disease most physician
prescribes anti-biotic medicines and cystoscopy. They even burn the affected
area using a special scope.
Interstitial Cystitis :
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a urologic
syndrome which occurs mainly in women. It refers to an uncomfortable and
irritating inflammatory condition of the bladder. It's symptoms are
excessive urinary urgency, frequency, nocturia (nighttime urination) and
suprapubic pain. There is no certain reason for this. It can occur at any
age, but the age group above 40 is more prone to this disease. It is
believed to be related to irregularities in the bladder lining and/or an
allergic/immune response. Cystoscope is mainly done to diagnosed it.
Hydrodistention of the bladder under anesthesia is another common
therapeutic and diagnostic procedure use to treat it. Surgery which includes
denervation, urinary diversion and augmentation cytoplasty can be useful to
treat the severe cases.