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Surgical Oncology

Cost Difference :
Much less as compared to the other European Countries

Oncology means the study of cancer, medically termed as malignant neoplasms. Specialists who have primary medical interest in cancer are called oncologists. And Surgical Oncology is a special branch of surgery which deals with the planned and coordinated surgical care of the cancer patient. It is the most common and oldest form of cancer treatment in which treatment is mainly done by removing the tumors or the affected tissues.

The practice of surgical oncology is mainly based on the good and sufficient knowledge of basic tumor biology and the natural history of various cancers, their effects or combinations of different treatment procedures. Society of surgical oncology has approved fellowship for 14 types of surgical oncology. And the surgeons who have completed any one of the fellowship are recognized as the surgical oncologists.

A surgical oncologist is trained in the principles of multidisciplinary care and multi-modality treatment options. They are broadly trained in all forms of oncology, but specializes in one of three main disciplines :

Surgical oncology - cancer surgery
Surgery plays the most important role in cancer treatment. It is the most common and oldet form of cancer treatment. The various disciplines in which surgical oncology can be undertaken are Breast, ENT, Gynaecology, Gastro Intestinal Surgery, Head & Neck, Orthopedic, Peripheral Surgery, Thoracic, Urology, Plastic Reconstructions

Radiation oncology - radiation therapy
It is an important approach for cancer treatment. In which treatment is mostly done with the ionizing radiation. The cases where it is not possible to operate, radiation oncology plays a pivotal role in curing the disease. It is often recommended for the local control.

Medical oncology - chemotherapy/hormone therapy
It is a sub-specialty of oncology which deals with the medical management of cancer. A medical oncologist is fully trained in all types of cancer treatments including chemotherapy, radiation, surgery and biological therapy. But medical oncology mainly comprises of chemotherapy which means treatment of cancer with the help of anticancer drugs. These are given to the body in the form of injection or tablets. Sometime chemotherapy treatments has serious side effects also. So it is essential to perform this treatment with utmost care.

But as different types of cancer behave very differently, so surgical oncologists are usually specialize in a particular type of cancer or areas of cancer treatment. The training, expertise and practice of a surgical oncologist often sub-specialize in organ groups or regions (eg breast, upper GI, melanoma or colorectal surgery) or across several tumor types (eg melanoma, sarcoma and breast).

Surgical oncology can be further classified into four forms :
  • Preventive surgery- Preventive surgery is require to remove the nonmalignant body tissue before it is likely to become aggressive and malignant.
  • Diagnostic Surgery- It is usually performed through a biopsy, to obtain a tissue sample to determine whether it is cancerous or not.
  • Staging Surgery- Staging surgery is performed to evaluate the extent, size and type of cancer.
  • Palliative surgery- Palliative surgery is essential in relieving pain and other complications caused by advanced cancer.