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Urological Cancer

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Much less as compared to the other European Countries

Cancer is a dreadful disease in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth i e excess and unusual growth of the cells or intrusion in which the affected cell destroys the adjoining tissues or sometimes the affected cells spread to other parts of the body through the lymph or blood. This is known as the metastasis. The medical term for cancer is Malignant Neoplasm. With the help of these three malignant properties, cancer can be differentiate from benign tumors which are self limited, do not invade or metastasize. The branch of medicine which deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer termed as Oncology.

Urological cancer is a kind of cancer which can occur in any organ of the urinary system and the male reproductive system such as the kidney, bladder, prostate, testicles or penis. The best way to cure

Urological cancer is to detect it at the initial stage and detached the portion from the body before it advances and spreads to other part of the body. Urological cancers can be develop in both men and women but it is more common in men. Surprisingly, among three men who are affected by cancers, one person is a patient of urological cancer.

Different kinds of Urological Cancer
Adrenal Cancer : It is a rare disease that develops in the adrenal glands which are present on the top of the kidneys and consist a outer layer(cortex) and a inner area (medulla) which functions separately. Symptoms of adrenal cancer and treatment for the condition depend on whether the tumor is functioning or non functioning and also on the excessive production of the hormone. The most common type of adrenal cancer develops in the adrenal cortex known as adrenocortical carcinoma in medical dictionary. Cancers that develop in the adrenal medulla include neuroblastoma. It originates in the undeveloped nerve cells of the infants and children.

Kidney Cancer : Kidney cancer occurs in the lining of tiny tubes inside the kidneys. It happens most often in people over 40years. Smoking, having certain genetic conditions and misusing pain medicines for a long time can be the main reason behind the kidney cancers. Some symptoms of Kidney cancer which are always not present are :
  • Blood and pain while passing the urine.
  • Swelling or lump in the area of Kidney and pain in the side.
  • Frequent fevers and night sweats.
  • Tiredness, loss of appetite, unexplained and sudden weight loss.

Bladder Cancer : In this case of cancer, there is a malignant growth in the urinary bladder. In bladder cancer abnormal cells multiply without control in the bladder. Around 20% of patients diagnosed with bladder cancer require major surgery to remove the affected bladder. The most common symptoms of bladder cancer are :
  • blood in the urine and burning pain during urination.
  • Frequent urination or feeling the need to urinate without result.
  • muscle spasms in the bladder .
These symptoms may not be specifically related to bladder cancer.

Prostate Cancer : In this case, cancer develops in the Prostate gland of the male reproductive system. It occurs when cells of the prostate mutate and begin to multiply out of control. It is the most common cancer found in male and almost 1 in 12 men suffers from it during their lifetime. Up to 75% of patients who suffers from prostate cancer are diagnosed at a later stage when it becomes difficult to remove it with the help of operation. Prostate cancer generally does not cause symptoms in its early stages, but when symptoms occur they are usually :
  • blood in the urine.
  • difficulty and feeling of pain while urination.
  • Frequency and urgency in urination during night. Beside cancer, these symptoms may also be related to prostate enlargement
Beside cancer, these symptoms may also be related to prostate enlargement.

Testicular Cancer : The name itself suggest that it takes place in the testicles, a part in the male reproductive system. It is the most common cancer affecting young men in the age group of 15 to 40 years. It has the highest rate of cure among all other cancers. The symptoms of this cancer includes :
  • a lump in the testis or hardening of one of the testicles.
  • An increase or significant decrease in the size of the one testis.
  • Loss of sexual activity and sexual withdrawal.
  • Abnormal sensitivity and dull ache in the lower abdomen.
  • Blood in the semen. General weak and tired feeling.

Penile Cancer : It is the cancer which can occur anywhere along the penile shaft but most commonly develops on the foreskin or head(glans). Here the cancer cells form on the tissues of the penis. It is a slow growing cancer and can be cure easily if discovered early. Penile cancer is mostly found in the men above 60 years of age. The symptoms includes :
  • Redness, irritation or sore on the penis.
  • A lump on the penis.
  • Discharge and bleeding through penis

Urethral Cancer : It occurs in urethra, that part of the body which lies within the penis and carries semen in men body and in women body it lies in front of the vagina and carries urine. It is a rare kind of cancer which more often develops in women as compare to men. It has the tendency to spread to the adjoining soft tissues. It mainly affects the people above the 60 years. The symptoms includes :
  • Blood in the urine, painful urination and diminished urine stream.
  • Frequent urination which increases more during night.
  • Pain during or after the sexual intercourse.
  • Hardening of tissue in the perineum, labia or pennis.